Posted on Wednesday, July 02, 2014
Originally Roman Spain’s capital city and the cultural custodian during the dark ages, Cordoba (Cordova in English) aided in the making of the Western Civilization. Many philosophers, scientists and artists emerged from here.
The city is adorned with both Roman and Islamic inspired architecture, blended with a youthful energy and deemed a World Heritage site. Visitors of Cordova enjoy strolling the town’s ancient cobblestone streets, peeking through gates for glimpses of lush gardens and peaceful plazas.
Cordoba, which is included in many Spain tours has many interesting aspects, including its great monuments, museums and the world famous Mezquita (Moorish mosque) .
Mezquita: Cordova’s emblem and the arguably the most beautiful mosque in Europe
Madinat al-Zahra: The remains of this palace city built in the 10th century
Juderia: Village of the prominent Jews of Islamic Cordova.
Concurso de Patios Cordobeses: Patios adorned with lush foliage and only open to the public in May.
Museo Arquelogico: Exhibits Cordova’s illustrious history and cultural interchange
Patio Museum—Located in the 14th century palace, and home of twelve colorfully decorated patios
Banos Califales: Insight into Islamic Cordova through traditional Arabian baths
Museum of Fine Arts: Displays famous artwork from the Andalucian baroque period
One of the many tours of the olive groves (a large portion of Cordova’s livelihood) in the campina countryside makes for a lovely afternoon. Taberna San Miguel El Pisto boasts the best tapas and racion in the city. For traditional Jewish cuisine, Casa Mazel is a must. Bodegas Campos has an array of Spanish food as well as one of the most extensive wine cellars in the region. After dinner, stop by Royal Bomboneria for alfajores—a dessert with almond and honey.
Head south of the historic district, to a region known as Nueva Cordova for some of the best nightlife with a young demographic. Glace Cocktail Club in the heart of Cordova’s financial district has distinct cocktails and an elegant atmosphere. For a unique tavern experience with a bullfighting theme, check out La Sacristia. Get a free drink and a fabulous flamenco show at Tablao Cardenal, or grab a microbrew beer at Bar Correo.
La Ciudad de los Ninos is Cordova’s city for kids—a calendar of scheduled events spanning the entire summer for kids of all ages. The Ethnobotanical Museum is a great place for children to experience the outdoors, and the Cordoba Zoo is another popular attraction for kids to learn about local fauna.
This richly historical city was first founded by Romans in 113 BC. They first named it Old Iberian, meaning hill or river, and was the capital of the Roman province until 711, when it was overtaken by the Muslim army. It was then governed by direct Muslim rule; fully inhabited by Arabic residents and became its provincial capital by 716.
the 10th and 11th centuries, Cordova was one of the most advanced and powerful cities in the world.[The Great Mosque of Córdoba and 3,000 mosques date back to that time, as well as what was then the largest library in the world. That was quickly taken when The Vizier al-Mansur, the unofficial ruler of al-Andalus burned most of the books on philosophy to please the Muslim clergy. However, following al-Mansur's death, internal struggle for power led to the steady decline in the next decades.
In the early 13th century, Cordova was captured by King Ferdinand III of Castile during the Spanish Reconquest. The city was divided into 14 colonies, and a number of churches were added. The population was on a steady decline until the early 20th century, when a small economic boost happened. With the most extensive historical heritages in the world, Cordova was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and is now home to over 350,000 people.
One of the eight provinces of Andalucia, Cordova is located on the bank of the Guadalquivir river. The north side of the river hosts the Sierra Morena mountain range, and the southernmost point of the region is home to the Sierra Penibetica Mountains. Cordova is considered the main point of Andalucia.
Cordova has a sub-tropical Mediterranean climate, with the highest average daily temperatures in Europe in summer (averaging 98 F/37 C). Winters are mild but rarely freezing. Temperatures range from 38-51 F/3.6-5.5 C in the winter, only dipping lower than that at night. Due to Atlantic coastal influence, most rainfall occurs in the winter months. For the most part, however, weather is very mild and can be enjoyed practically year-round!
Tags: Cordoba Travel tips